Silverfish & More

Silverfish

Pest Tips

Termite Tips

     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
Silverfish

SIZE: 1/2 to 1 inch (12.7-25.4mm)

COLOR: Brown or silver-gray

DESCRIPTION: Silverfish are small, soft insects without wings. The abdomen has three filaments extending from it. Silverfish are not often seen by homeowners because they are nocturnal and can run very swiftly. Occasionally, they are found in bathtubs. They crawl in seeking food or moisture and can't climb out. These insects prefer vegetable matter with a high carbohydrate and protein content. However, indoors they will feed on almost anything. A partial list includes dried beef, flour, starch, paper, gum, glue, cotton, linen, rayon, silk, sugar, molds and breakfast cereals.

HABITAT: Silverfish normally live outdoors under rocks, bark and leaf mold, in the nests of birds and mammals, and in ant and termite nests. However, many are found in houses and are considered a pest, or at least a nuisance, by homeowners. Usually they are found trapped in a bathtub, sink, or washbasin.

LIFE CYCLE: Adults lay eggs in small groups containing a few to 50 eggs. The eggs are very small and deposited in cracks and crevices. A female normally lays less than 100 eggs during her lifespan of two to eight years. Under ideal conditions, the eggs hatch in two weeks, but may take up to two months to hatch.

The young nymphs are very much like the adults except for size. Several years are required before they are sexually mature, and they must mate after each molt if viable eggs are to be produced. Populations do not build up rapidly because of their slow development rate and the small number of eggs laid.

TYPE OF DAMAGE: A household pest, they feed on cereals and non-food items such as paste, paper, starch in clothes, rayon fabrics and dried meats.

CONTROL: Sanitation alone will not eliminate an infestation, although it may prevent new ones from starting. A large infestation usually means the house has been infested for some time.

INTERESTING FACTS: They can go for up to one year without food.




Pest Tips
There are several things a homeowner can do to help prevent pest infestations. To help maintain a pest-free home, take these precautions:
Tip 1
Seal cracks in your home's exterior to help keep pests like ants, spiders and cockroaches from getting inside.

Tip 2
Be sure all doors and windows are properly sealed with tight-fitting screens and weather stripping.

Tip 3
Don't leave uncovered food sitting out. It can attract flies that might land on it and spread harmful bacteria.

Tip 4
Consider storing clothing in plastic boxes or pouches to prevent fabric pests from getting to them.

Tip 5
Ensure that the attic and crawl space have sufficient ventilation. Proper ventilation creates
an environment unsuitable for cockroaches and other pests. It also improves the heating and cooling efficiency of the home.

Tip 6
Do not allow pet food to sit out overnight, indoors or outdoors.

Tip 7
Remove any piles of debris, stones, bricks, etc., around your home. They serve as a harborage
for pests, especially rodents.
Termite Tips
With their shear-like mandibles, a colony of termites can destroy the wood in your home, hollowing out wooden beams, gutting walls and ruining floors. They've even been known to chew through vinyl, linoleum, PVC, pipe and underground cables.
There are some things that you can do yourself to help prevent termite infestations:
Tip 1
Repair any roof or plumbing leaks as soon as possible. These leaks can allow termites to survive above ground in a house.

Tip 2
Eliminate any wood-to-soil contact around your foundation and remove wood debris near your home.

Tip 3
Prevent mulch and soil from touching the siding of your home. They make it much easier for termites to enter.

Tip 4
Store firewood away from your home.

Tip 5
Use mesh screens on all windows and doors, as well as in ventilation openings for attics and crawl spaces.

Tip 6
Seal nail holes and cracks in exposed wood to help prevent easy access by drywood termites.

Tip 7
Contract with a professional pest control company to regularly inspect your home. This will help detect termite activity and allow for prompt and proper treatment
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